Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 thoughts. Not only that, Chinese is also a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available unfavorable PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or valid. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. The fourth tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds unique meanings. As a question of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation cannot be related, the meaning of the characters are able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds such as u with an umlaut () that sounds like a plan of I and u. Like things unfamiliar, it typically causes uncertainty and issue. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the actual step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language accomplishments.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a search amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Far east learners and uncovered interesting results which could help future learners in forming an effective study tactic. Her study revolves round most regularly employed Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese emails.
The study finds that among finest twenty most important used strategies, eight regarding are involved in when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the figure.
7. Listening to the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The next six strategies are used to increase learners’ understanding among the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the actual character recently been used early.
12. Learning how intensive testing . used in conversation.
13. Utilizing the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the character could be taken in sentences.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning phase. There are only three strategies for the memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And presently there only one strategy utilized for practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed truly worth two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many instances.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are only to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the characters. Some strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from what they hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, an essential improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials they are learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials these kinds of are learning as they do something. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection when using the characters various other them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study shows that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding. One way the proper this will be by using an app such as The Intelligent Flashcards. Amounts . flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters created from chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it one more accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app a great dea of more convenient that another app while Anki. With Anki, although user will add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing how a characters are widely-used in context. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to supplement the textbook and audio tracks conversation. Usually interesting to remember that learners studied the particular abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, for instance watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese popular music. There could be many reasons for this. The style of the shows or songs cannot appeal to your learners.
Associated with this program is not only convenient. Or if the shows might be accessed online, rarely is it subtitled in either both Chinese and English which makes the shows more useful to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most of the very popular Chinese Tv programs fall hello in mandarin chinese the historical genre, which is a favourite among the Chinese, for instance The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is good deal more complex compared to a contemporary spoken Chinese.